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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2004 Jan 2;313(1):148-55.

Epigallocatechin-3-gallate, constituent of green tea, suppresses the LPS-induced phenotypic and functional maturation of murine dendritic cells through inhibition of mitogen-activated protein kinases and NF-kappaB.

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Department of Microbiology, Pusan National University College of Medicine, Pusan 602-739, Republic of Korea.


The effects of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on dendritic cells (DC) maturation were investigated. EGCG, in a dose-dependent manner, profoundly inhibited CD80, CD86, and MHC class I and II expression on bone marrow-derived murine myeloid DC. EGCG restored the decreased dextran-FITC uptake and inhibited enhanced IL-12 production by LPS-treated DC. EGCG-treated DC were poor stimulators of nai;ve allogeneic T-cell proliferation and reduced levels of IL-2 production in responding T cells. EGCG-pretreated DC inhibited LPS-induced MAPKs, such as ERK1/2, p38, JNK, and NF-kappaB p65 translocation. Therefore, the molecular mechanisms by which EGCG antagonized LPS-induced DC maturation appeared to involve the inhibition of MAPK and NF-kappaB activation. These novel findings provide new insight into the immunopharmacological role of EGCG and suggest a novel approach to the manipulation of DC for therapeutic application of autoimmune and allergic diseases.

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