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Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003 Oct;9(5):283-9.

Surgical treatment of stage I non-small cell lung carcinoma.

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  • 1Department of Thoracic Surgery, Institute of Development, Aging, and Cancer, Tohoku University, Miyagi, Japan.


In stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the cancer is localized to the lung. For this early stage NSCLC, therefore, surgery is considered to be the treatment of choice. In this report, we reviewed the surgical treatment approaches for stage I NSCLC, placing emphasis on limited resection and video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). In regard to limited resection, sublobar resection (wedge resection and segmentectomy) may yield a good long-term outcome in selected cases, as does lobectomy. No strong evidence to recommend this procedure has, however, been published. On the other hand, many descriptive studies have indicated that VATS may be useful for the treatment of NSCLC, although the results have not shown any statistically significant differences from those of resection by conventional open thoracotomy. In addition to the low invasiveness, the curability of NSCLC using the VATS approach has been recognized to be similar to that of the standard thoracotomic approaches in clinical practice. Well-controlled studies with strong statistical results are needed to provide strong supportive evidence for the use of VATS for NSCLC. (Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2003; 9: 283-9)

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