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Antiviral Res. 2004 Feb;61(2):83-91.

Molecular analysis of clinical isolates of acyclovir resistant herpes simplex virus.

Author information

1
Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, 10 Wreckyn Street, Victoria 3051, North Melbourne, Australia. Doris.chibo@mh.org.au

Abstract

We characterised the antiviral phenotype and genotype of 41 herpes simplex virus (HSV) strains from patients clinically resistant to acyclovir (ACV). Our results confirm recognised mutational sites as being major determinants of thymidine kinase (tk)-associated ACV resistance, in particular insertions and/or deletions at homopolymer stretches of Gs and Cs (59% of all isolates). Previously described amino acid substitutions in functional sites of the tk were also identified (7% of all isolates). In addition, we identified several stop codons in novel locations on the amino acid sequence (7% of all isolates) and amino acid substitutions (15% of all isolates) likely to be directly responsible for conferring resistance to ACV. When there were no mutations detected in the tk gene (12% of all isolates), mutations in the DNA polymerase gene likely to be important in the generation of resistant virus were identified.

PMID:
14670581
DOI:
10.1016/j.antiviral.2003.08.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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