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Free Radic Res. 2003 Sep;37(9):909-17.

Lipid peroxidation of lung surfactant due to reactive oxygen species released from phagocytes stimulated by bacteria from children with cystic fibrosis.

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Department of Immunology, Microbiology, and Pathology, Division of Clinical Bacteriology, Huddinge University Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.


We used Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Burkholderia cepacia and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, live or heat-killed, isolated from the airways of children with Cystic Fibrosis, to stimulate human neutrophils (PMN) and rat alveolar macrophages (AM) to produce reactive oxygen metabolites in the presence or absence of Curosurf, a natural porcine lung surfactant. We determined: (1) the amount of lipid peroxidation (LPO) as assessed by the amounts of malondialdehyde (MDA) and 4-hydroxyalkenals (4-HNE) using the LPO 586 test kit; (2) the production by AM of superoxide with the nitroblue tetrazolium test and (3) of nitric oxide (NO) with the Griess reaction. Stimulation of PMN or AM increases LPO of Curosurf and cell wall lipids. In both types of phagocytes, B. cepacia induced the highest LPO levels followed by P. aeruginosa and S. maltophilia. PMN, stimulated by live bacteria, induced higher LPO than those stimulated by heat-killed bacteria. B. cepacia stimulated AM to produce more superoxide and NO than did P. aeruginosa and S. maltophilia. The high phagocyte-stimulating ability of B. cepacia and its higher surfactant LPO than those of the other bacteria used in this in vitro study may play a role in vivo in the serious clinical condition known as the "Cepacia syndrome".

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