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J Paediatr Child Health. 1992 Dec;28(6):447-50.

Primary staphylococcal pneumonia in childhood: a review of 69 cases.

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Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, Perth, Western Australia.


Primary staphylococcal pneumonia is a rapidly progressive illness with well-described clinical and radiological features and a significant mortality rate. This retrospective study of cases diagnosed over a 20 year period at a tertiary paediatric hospital was undertaken to document the epidemiology and assess the management and mortality of the disease. The survey demonstrated that far fewer patients are being seen than formerly and confirmed that this is a disease primarily affecting infants and Aboriginal children. The initial radiological features were not diagnostic in the majority of cases but typical changes appeared in most at some time during the illness. The use of surgical drainage was not associated with a decrease in the duration of fever or length of hospital stay. The mortality rate has improved but remains significant.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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