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J Nucl Cardiol. 2003 Nov-Dec;10(6):615-22.

Risk stratification of patients after myocardial revascularization by stress Tc-99m tetrofosmin myocardial perfusion tomography.

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Thoraxcenter, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.



The aim of this study was to assess the incremental prognostic value of stress technetium 99m tetrofosmin imaging after myocardial revascularization.


We studied 381 patients (aged 60 +/- 10 years, 270 men), 4.5 +/- 3.2 years after myocardial revascularization (coronary artery bypass grafting in 201 patients and percutaneous coronary intervention in 180 patients), who underwent exercise or dobutamine stress tetrofosmin single photon emission computed tomography. Events during a mean follow-up period of 3.5 +/- 1.4 years were cardiac death in 22 patients, nonfatal myocardial infarction in 11 patients (33 hard cardiac events), and late revascularization in 50 patients. There was no incidence of hard cardiac events in the 100 patients with normal perfusion. Hard cardiac events occurred in 19% of patients with reversible perfusion abnormalities and in 4% of patients without them (P <.01). The incidence of hard cardiac events was similar in patients with and without angina before stress testing (17/197 [8.6%] vs 16/184 [8.7%]). In a multivariate analysis model, predictors of cardiac death were stress rate pressure product and abnormal perfusion. Reversible perfusion abnormalities were independently associated with the composite endpoints of cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and late revascularization. In an incremental multivariate analysis model, an abnormal scan was additive to clinical data in the prediction of hard cardiac events (model chi(2) = 17 vs 11, P <.01).


Stress Tc-99m tetrofosmin myocardial perfusion imaging provides independent prognostic information for the prediction of cardiac events after myocardial revascularization. Symptoms are not predictive of outcome, and therefore asymptomatic patients should not be deferred from stress testing. A normal study identifies a very low-risk population in whom no further intervention is required.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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