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Exp Diabesity Res. 2003 Oct-Dec;4(4):287-301.

Growth factors in proliferative diabetic retinopathy.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

Many growth factors are implicated in the pathogenesis of proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Alteration of growth factors and their receptors in diabetes has been shown in both experimental and clinical studies. Sustained hyperglycemia resulting from long-standing diabetes leads to several biochemical abnormalities that consequently result in retinal hypoxia. Retinal oxygenation state regulates various growth factors that promote angiogenesis in order to meet the oxygen demands of the tissue. However, unregulated expression of these growth factors and induction of complex cascades leading to augmentation of other proangiogenic factors, which may not be regulated by tissue oxygenation, leads to uncontrolled retinal neovascularization and blindness in diabetic patients.

PMID:
14668050
PMCID:
PMC2478606
DOI:
10.1155/EDR.2003.287
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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