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J Neural Transm (Vienna). 2003 Dec;110(12):1445-53. Epub 2003 Jan 1.

Allelic variation in 5-HT1A receptor expression is associated with anxiety- and depression-related personality traits.

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Differential and Personality Psychology, Institute of Psychology II, Technical University of Dresden, Dresden, Germany.


The 5-HT1A receptor plays a critical role in the pathophysiology of anxiety and depression as well as in the mode of action of anxiolytic and antidepressant drugs. Human 5-HT1A gene transcription is modulated by a common C-1016G single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in its upstream regulatory region. In the present study, we evaluated the role of the HTR1A-1019 polymorphism in the modulation of individual differences in personality traits by an association study of a sample of healthy volunteers. Personality traits were assessed with two different methods, NEO personality inventory (NEO-PI-R) and Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire (TPQ). There was a significant effect of the HTR1A-1019 polymorphism on NEO Neuroticism with carriers of the G allele showing higher scores than individuals homozygous for the C variant. The effect was primarily due to associations with the Neuroticism facets Anxiety and Depression. Carriers of the G allele also exhibited higher TPQ Harm Avoidance scores. Our findings indicate a role of allelic variation in 5-HT1A receptor expression in the development and modulation of anxiety- and depression-related personality traits.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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