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Am J Vet Res. 1992 Nov;53(11):2067-70.

Platelet aggregation in dogs after sedation with acepromazine and atropine and during subsequent general anesthesia and surgery.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Sciences, New York State College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca 14853.


Platelet aggregation and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) release were measured by use of the impedance method in blood samples obtained from 25 adult female Beagles before and after sedation with acepromazine (0.13 mg/kg of body weight) and atropine (0.05 mg/kg), and during general anesthesia. General anesthesia was induced by IV administration of thiamylal (average dosage, 2.1 mg/kg; range, 1.2 to 4.2 mg/kg) and was maintained with halothane in oxygen. Samples of jugular venous blood were obtained from each dog, using citrate as anticoagulant. Platelet count was done on each sample. Platelet aggregation and ATP released from the aggregating platelets were measured within 2.5 hours of sample collection, using a whole-blood aggregometer. Adenosine diphosphate (ADP) or collagen was used as aggregating agent. For each aggregating agent, platelet aggregation and ATP release were measured over 6 minutes. After sedation with acepromazine and atropine, significant (P < 0.01) reduction was observed in platelet count (from median values of 341,000 cells/microliters to 283,000 cells/microliters) and in the ability of platelets to aggregate in response to ADP (from 14.0 to 7.0 omega). During the same period, maximal release of ATP in response to collagen also was reduced (from 5.56 mumol to 4.57 mumol; P < 0.01); however, this difference ceased to be significant when ATP release was normalized for platelet count. During general anesthesia and surgery (200 minutes after sedation), platelet count and aggregation responses to ADP and collagen had returned to presedation values. None of the dogs in this study appeared to have hemostasis problems during surgery.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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