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Anaesthesia. 1992 Nov;47(11):974-6.

Pre-oxygenation: the Hudson mask as an alternative technique.

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Magill Department of Anaesthetics, Westminister Hospital, London.


The use of a simple oxygen facemask (Hudson) with high oxygen inflow (48 l.min-1) was investigated as a technique for pre-oxygenation, comparing it with the Magill system (oxygen flow: 100 One hundred and thirty-eight patients scheduled for elective gynaecological and orthopaedic surgery were studied: group 1, Hudson mask and group 2, Magill system (ASA 1-2, n = 107); group 3, Hudson mask and group 4, Magill system (ASA 3, n = 30). Pre-oxygenation was assessed by measuring the times to 97%, 95% and 93% arterial desaturation (finger pulse oximetry) following 3 min of pre-oxygenation. The times taken to achieve these end-points in all the study groups suggest that the Hudson mask offers an alternative technique for pre-oxygenation.

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