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Phys Occup Ther Pediatr. 2003;23(3):65-84.

Children's handwriting evaluation tools and their psychometric properties.

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School of Physical and Occupational Therapy, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.


Handwriting is an important area of evaluation for pediatric therapists. In selecting a handwriting instrument, therapists must not only consider a child's area of handwriting difficulty, but also the psychometric properties of the instrument chosen. This paper reviews five commonly used children's handwriting evaluation tools: (a) Diagnosis and Remediation of Handwriting Problems; (b) Minnesota Handwriting Test; (c) Children's Handwriting Evaluation Scale-Manuscript; (d) Evaluation Tool of Children' s Handwriting-Manuscript; and (e) Test of Legible Handwriting. Each assessment is described including how it is administered, the scoring system, the reliability and validity of each instrument, and purchase information. The strengths and weaknesses of each tool are discussed along with factors affecting handwriting evaluation.

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