Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Immunol. 2003 Dec 15;171(12):6549-55.

Nasal vaccination with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein reduces stroke size by inducing IL-10-producing CD4+ T cells.

Author information

  • 1Center for Neurologic Diseases, Department of Neurology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.


Inflammation plays an important role in ischemic stroke and in humans IL-10 may have a beneficial effect in stroke. We mucosally administered myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) 35-55 peptide to C57BL/6 mice before middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) to induce an anti-inflammatory T cell response directed at CNS myelin. Nasal and oral administration of MOG(35-55) peptide decreased ischemic infarct size at 24 and 72 h after MCAO surgery. Nasal MOG(35-55) peptide was most efficacious and reduced infarct size by 70% at 24 h and by 50% at 72 h (p <or= 0.0001 vs control) and also improved behavior score. Immunohistochemistry demonstrated increased IL-10 and reduced IFN-gamma in the area surrounding the ischemic infarct following nasal treatment. Nasal MOG did not reduce infarct size in IL-10-deficient mice. Adoptive transfer of CD4(+) T cells to untreated mice from nasally tolerized mice before MCAO surgery decreased stroke size (p < 0.001 vs control), whereas, CD4(+) T cells from nasally tolerized IL-10-deficient mice had no effect. Our results demonstrate that IL-10-secreting CD4(+) T cells induced by nasal MOG reduce injury following stroke. In addition, we observed a dramatic reduction of CD11b(+) cells in nasal MOG-treated animals. CD11b(+) cells may contribute to secondary infarct expansion by enhancing NO synthesis that may be reduced by elevated IL-10 levels. Modulation of cerebral inflammation by nasal vaccination with myelin Ags that increase IL-10 in the brain may improve outcome after stroke and enhance mechanisms of recovery.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center