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Circulation. 2003 Dec 16;108(24):2971-3. Epub 2003 Dec 8.

P2Y12 H2 haplotype is associated with peripheral arterial disease: a case-control study.

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1
INSERM U.428, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou et Université Paris V, Paris, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We recently described a gain-of-function haplotype, called H2, of the adenosine diphosphate (ADP) receptor P2Y12 gene associated with increased ADP-induced platelet aggregation ex vivo in healthy volunteers. Because platelets play a key role in atherosclerosis and arterial thrombosis, we tested the possible link between the H2 haplotype and the risk of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in a case-control study.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

We studied 184 consecutive male patients under 70 years of age with PAD and 330 age-matched control subjects free of symptomatic PAD and with no cardiovascular history. Mean age was 57.1+/-7.2 years (cases) and 56.7+/-7.6 years (control subjects). The H2 haplotype was more frequent in patients with PAD than in control subjects (30% and 21%, respectively; OR, 1.6; CI, 1.1 to 2.5; P=0.02 in univariate analysis). This association with PAD remained significant in multivariate regression analysis (OR, 2.3; CI, 1.4 to 3.9; P=0.002) after adjustment for diabetes, smoking, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and other selected platelet receptor gene polymorphisms.

CONCLUSIONS:

These data point to a role of the H2 haplotype in atherosclerosis and raise the possibility of relative thienopyridine resistance in carriers of the P2Y12 H2 haplotype.

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