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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2003 Dec 5;229(1):49-55.

Porphyromonas gingivalis 67-kDa fimbriae induced cytokine production and osteoclast differentiation utilizing TLR2.

Author information

1
Department of Oral Microbiology, Kanagawa Dental College, Yokosuka, Kanagawa 238-8580, Japan.

Abstract

Porphyromonas gingivalis, a major etiological agent of adult periodontitis, has two distinctly different types of fimbriae on the cell surface. The major fimbriae, which consist of a 41-kDa fimbrillin of P. gingivalis ATCC 33277, have been known to induce inflammatory cytokine production in murine peritoneal macrophages. In this study, we examined the effects of the minor fimbriae of P. gingivalis, composed of a 67-kDa fimbrillin, on cytokine production in murine peritoneal macrophages and the ability to induce osteoclast differentiation. Murine peritoneal macrophages were stimulated with P. gingivalis 67-kDa minor fimbriae for 24 h, then the levels of interleukin (IL)-1beta, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and IL-6 production were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). To estimate osteoclast differentiation, mouse osteoclast precursors were placed on dentine slices, and cultured with or without P. gingivalis 67-kDa minor fimbriae for 7 days. P. gingivalis 67-kDa minor fimbriae clearly induced IL-1beta, TNF-alpha and IL-6 production in mouse macrophages. Furthermore, pit formations on the dentine slices were significantly extended when the osteoclast precursors were incubated with P. gingivalis 67-kDa minor fimbriae. Pretreatment with anti-Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) antibody significantly inhibited IL-1beta, TNF-alpha and IL-6 induction (P<0.05) in mouse macrophages and pit-forming activity of osteoclast precursor cells stimulated with P. gingivalis 67-kDa minor fimbriae. These results suggest that P. gingivalis 67-kDa minor fimbriae may provoke host inflammatory response and be involved in periodontal tissue breakdown.

PMID:
14659542
DOI:
10.1016/S0378-1097(03)00788-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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