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Genome Res. 2003 Dec;13(12):2658-64.

Genes and transposons are differentially methylated in plants, but not in mammals.

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1
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, New York 11724, USA.

Abstract

DNA methylation is found in many eukaryotes, but its function is still controversial. We have studied the methylation of plant and animal genomes using a PCR-based technique amenable for high throughput. Repetitive elements are methylated in both organisms, but whereas most mammalian exons are methylated, plant exons are not. Thus, targeting of methylation specifically to transposons appears to be restricted to plants. We propose that the mechanistic basis of this difference may involve RNA interference. Sequencing strategies that depend on differential methylation are predicted to have different outcomes in plant and mammalian genomes.

PMID:
14656970
PMCID:
PMC403807
DOI:
10.1101/gr.1784803
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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