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Conscious Cogn. 2003 Dec;12(4):717-31.

Five levels of self-awareness as they unfold early in life.

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Department of Psychology, Emory University, 532 North Kilgo Circle, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.


When do children become aware of themselves as differentiated and unique entity in the world? When and how do they become self-aware? Based on some recent empirical evidence, 5 levels of self-awareness are presented and discussed as they chronologically unfold from the moment of birth to approximately 4-5 years of age. A natural history of children's developing self-awareness is proposed as well as a model of adult self-awareness that is informed by the dynamic of early development. Adult self-awareness is viewed as the dynamic flux between basic levels of consciousness that develop chronologically early in life.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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