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Structure. 2003 Dec;11(12):1569-81.

The yeast YPD1/SLN1 complex: insights into molecular recognition in two-component signaling systems.

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Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Oklahoma, 620 Parrington Oval, Norman, OK 73019, USA.


In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a branched multistep phosphorelay signaling pathway regulates cellular adaptation to hyperosmotic stress. YPD1 functions as a histidine-phosphorylated protein intermediate required for phosphoryl group transfer from a membrane-bound sensor histidine kinase (SLN1) to two distinct response regulator proteins (SSK1 and SKN7). These four proteins are evolutionarily related to the well-characterized "two-component" regulatory proteins from bacteria. Although structural information is available for many two-component signaling proteins, there are very few examples of complexes between interacting phosphorelay partners. Here we report the first crystal structure of a prototypical monomeric histidine-containing phosphotransfer (HPt) protein YPD1 in complex with its upstream phosphodonor, the response regulator domain associated with SLN1.

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