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Biochem J. 2004 Mar 15;378(Pt 3):1023-9.

Glycoproteins VI and Ib-IX-V stimulate tyrosine phosphorylation of tyrosine kinase Syk and phospholipase Cgamma2 at distinct sites.

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Department of Pharmacology, University of Oxford, Mansfield Road, Oxford OX1 3QT, UK.


Glycoproteins GPVI and GPIb-IX-V stimulate robust tyrosine phosphorylation of Syk and PLCg2 (phospholipase Cg2) in washed platelets, but only the former stimulates pronounced activation of phospholipase. Using phospho-specific antibodies, we demonstrate that GPVI, but not GPIb-IX-V, stimulates significant tyrosine phosphorylation of Syk at the autophosphorylation site pY525/526, a marker of Syk activity. In addition, GPVI stimulates tyrosine phosphorylation of PLCg2 at Tyr753 and Tyr759, whereas GPIb-IX-V only induces significant phosphorylation at Tyr753. Both receptors stimulate tyrosine phosphorylation of Btk at the regulatory Tyr223 and Tyr551. Syk and Btk phosphorylate peptides from PLCg2 containing Tyr753 and Tyr759 respectively, suggesting that they may stimulate phosphorylation at these sites in phospholipase. Studies using PLCg2-deficient platelets demonstrated that phospholipase is not required for the activation of integrin aIIbb3 by GPIb-IX-V. Our results demonstrate fundamental differences between GPVI and GPIb-IX-V in the regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of Syk and PLCg2 consistent with the functional impairment of phospholipase in signalling by GPIb-IX-V.

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