Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Postgrad Med J. 2003 Nov;79(937):634-42.

Drug therapy in chronic heart failure.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, University Hospital, Nottingham, UK. dan.mckenzie@nottingham.ac.uk

Abstract

Chronic heart failure is widely recognised as a common and escalating problem that causes major disability and often shortens life. Diuretics and digoxin have formed the mainstay of treatment for many years. Clinical trials have demonstrated that angiotensin converting enzymes and beta-blockers, in selected patients, improve symptoms and reduce mortality. Angiotensin-II antagonists and spironolactone may also have a role in certain individuals. Newer pharmacological approaches to the management of this complex disease are being developed, but await full evaluation.

PMID:
14654574
PMCID:
PMC1742875
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center