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J Biotechnol. 2003 Dec 19;106(2-3):269-86.

Development of a Corynebacterium glutamicum DNA microarray and validation by genome-wide expression profiling during growth with propionate as carbon source.

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Lehrstuhl für Genetik, Universität Bielefeld, Universitätsstrasse 25, Bielefeld D-33615, Germany.


A DNA microarray was developed to analyse global gene expression of the amino acid-producing bacterium Corynebacterium glutamicum. PCR products representing 93.4% of the predicted C. glutamicum genes were prepared and spotted in quadruplicate onto 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane-coated glass slides. The applicability of the C. glutamicum DNA microarray was demonstrated by co-hybridisation with fluorescently labelled cDNA probes. Analysis of the technical variance revealed that C. glutamicum genes detected with different intensities resulting in ratios greater than 1.52 or smaller than -1.52 can be regarded as differentially expressed with a confidence level of greater than 95%. In a validation example, we measured changes of the mRNA levels during growth of C. glutamicum with acetate and propionate as carbon sources. Acetate-grown C. glutamicum cultures were used as reference. At the 95% confidence interval, 117 genes revealed increased transcript levels in the presence of propionate, while 43 genes showed a decreased expression compared with the acetate-grown culture. Global expression profiling confirmed the induction of the prpD2B2C2 gene cluster already known to be essential for propionate degradation via the 2-methylcitrate cycle. Besides many genes of unknown function, the paralogous prpD1B1C1 gene cluster as well as fasI-B (encoding fatty-acid synthase IB), dtsR1 and dtsR2 (components of acyl-CoA carboxylases), gluABCD (glutamate transport system), putP (proline transport system), and pyc (pyruvate carboxylase) showed significantly increased expression levels. Differential expression of these genes was confirmed by real-time reverse transcription (RT) PCR assays.

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