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J Chromatogr A. 2003 Nov 26;1019(1-2):53-63.

New liquid nitrogen cryogenic modulator for comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ont., N2L 3G1 Canada.


A new liquid nitrogen (LN2) jet-based thermal modulator for performing comprehensive two-dimensional (2D) gas chromatographic (GC x GC) separations has been designed and constructed. Temperature measurements of the trapping zone, a segment of uncoated fused silica capillary, show that it can be cooled to -196 degrees C in about 300 ms. A film of liquid nitrogen develops on the outside of the trapping capillary even when the oven temperature is in excess of 200 degrees C. Compounds as volatile as propane can be trapped by the modulator and held for periods of at least 1 min without breakthrough. The peak widths for n-alkanes are on the order of 80 ms at half height after passing through an 80cm second dimension column. Repeated analysis of gasoline demonstrated excellent run-to-run reproducibility of the system.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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