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Ann Biomed Eng. 2003 Nov;31(10):1263-78.

Partitioning of cortical and deep cytoskeleton responses from transient magnetic bead twisting.

Author information

1
Inserm UMR S 492, Physiopathologie et Thérapeutique Respiratoires, Institut Supérieur des Biosciences de Paris, Université Paris-12, 94010, Créteil, France.

Abstract

We attempted to estimate in living adherent epithelial alveolar cells, the degree of structural and mechanical heterogeneity by considering two individualized cytoskeleton components, i.e., a submembranous "cortical" cytoskeleton and a "deep" cytoskeleton (CSK). F-actin structure characterizing each CSK component was visualized from spatial reconstructions at low and high density, respectively, especially in a 10-microm-cubic neighborhood including the bead. Specific mechanical properties (Young elastic and viscous modulus E and n) were revealed after partitioning the magnetic twisting cytometry response using a double viscoelastic "solid" model with asymmetric plastic relaxation. Results show that the cortical CSK response is a faster (tau1 < or = 0.7 s), softer (E1: 63-109 Pa), moderately viscous (n1: 7- 18 Pas), slightly tensed, and easily damaged structure compared to the deep CSK structure which appears slower (tau2 approximately 1/2 min), stiffer (E2: 95-204 Pa), highly viscous (n2: 760-1967 Pa s), more tensed, and fully elastic, while exhibiting a larger stress hardening behavior. Adding drug depolymerizing actin filaments decreased predominantly the deep CSK stiffness. By contrast, an agent altering cell-matrix interactions affected essentially the cortical CSK stiffness. We concluded that partitioning the CSK within cortical and deep structures is largely consistent with their respective functional activities.

PMID:
14649500
DOI:
10.1114/1.1616932
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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