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Planta Med. 2003 Oct;69(10):950-3.

Inhibitory effects of a new iridoid, patridoid II and its isomers, on nitric oxide and TNF-alpha production in cultured murine macrophages.

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College of Pharmacy, Yeungnam University, Gyongsan, Korea.


Patridoids I, II and IIA, are new iridoids isolated from the whole plants of Patrinia saniculaefolia. These compounds were examined by assessing their effects on the production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) as well as by investigating the expression of two enzymes, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), in the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated murine macrophage-like cell line, Raw 264.7. Among them, patridoid II consistently inhibited nitric oxide (NO) and TNF-alpha production in a dose-dependent manner, with IC (50) values of 14.1 and 17.6 microM, respectively. Western Blotting probed with specific anti-iNOS antibodies showed that the decrease in the quantity of the NO product was accompanied by a decrease in the iNOS protein level. However, all three patridoids did not affect the COX-2 protein expression level in the LPS-stimulated macrophages. In addition, the C-5 isomer of patridoid II, patridoid I, only slightly affected the production of NO. Moreover, the C-3 isomer of patridoid II, patridoid IIA, did not inhibit proinflammatory cytokines and NO production. These results suggest that the orientations of the C-3 and C-5 methoxy groups in the patridoids have a significant role in the expression of their biological activity.

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