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Funct Integr Genomics. 2003 Dec;3(4):144-52. Epub 2003 Nov 25.

Genes associated with the end of dormancy in grapes.

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Centre for Plant Conservation Genetics, Southern Cross University, Lismore, Australia.


A grape bud EST library was constructed and 4270 ESTs sequenced. The library clones were arrayed for the purpose of investigating the level of gene expression over time, particularly leading up to the buds' release from dormancy. The arrays were hybridized with P(33)-labeled probes produced from samples of buds collected at weekly intervals. These probes covered the time from 9 weeks prior to bud burst until just after the emergence of the shoots. Expression patterns from these genes have been examined. It was found that 74% of the genes in the data set were homologous to known proteins. Genes were then assigned to functional categories according to their primary BLAST match. Of these 13% were involved with photosynthesis, 13% with disease resistance and defense, 5% energy, 12% metabolism, 20% protein production and processing, 25% cell structure and plant growth and the remaining 12% were unclassified The expression pattern of a selection of "candidate" genes retrieved from literature previously reporting an association with dormancy changes was assessed. On closer examination most of these genes relate to the oxidative processes and stress responses within the cell. The results of this study show that even in the dormant state, gene expression in the buds is high.

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