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Oncogene. 2004 Jan 29;23(4):905-13.

Distinct roles for p53, p27Kip1, and p21Cip1 during tumor development.

Author information

1
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, C1-015, 1100 Fairview Ave N, Seattle, WA 90109-1024, USA.

Abstract

Mutations in p53 and reduced expression of the Cdk inhibitor p27Kip1 are frequently observed in a wide variety of human cancers, but it is not known whether alterations in these tumor suppressors interact to influence tumor progression. To address this, we measured tumor latency and spectrum in p53 and p27 single and compound mutant mice. p53-/- (null) mice developed T-cell lymphomas and soft-tissue sarcomas, while p27-/- mice developed adenomas of the pituitary and lung, but with much longer latency. The latency for tumor development in p53-/- p27-/- and p53-/- p27+/- compound mutant mice was significantly reduced, by 15-30%, compared to single mutant p53-/- mice. The tumor spectrum in the compound mutants was similar to that of p53-/- mice, and additional tumors of diverse histotypes. In tumors from p53-/- mice, p27 protein levels were reduced to a greater extent than were mRNA levels, indicating that p27 is downregulated in tumors at the transcriptional as well as post-transcriptional levels. In contrast, mice deficient in another Cdk inhibitor p21Cip1, which is also a transcriptional target and effector of p53, showed only a marginal increase in tumor predisposition in response to ENU treatment. Thus, downregulation of p27 is a common feature in p53-/- tumors. Germline deletion of one or both alleles of p27 accelerates tumor development and associated mortality in p53-/- mice, indicating potent synergy between loss of p27 and p53. Although p21 is functionally similar to both p53 and p27, it plays a lesser role in tumor suppression. These results further highlight the highly cooperative nature of p27 and its central role in tumor suppression.

PMID:
14647411
DOI:
10.1038/sj.onc.1207220
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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