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Vision Res. 2004 Feb;44(3):229-34.

Relative image size, not eye position, determines eye dominance switches.

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  • 1Vision Science Program, School of Optometry, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-2020, USA.


A recent paper examined eye dominance with the eyes in forward and eccentric gaze [Vision Res. 41 (2001) 1743]. When observers were looking to the left, the left eye tended to dominate and when they were looking to the right, the right eye tended to dominate. The authors attributed the switch in eye dominance to extra-retinal signals associated with horizontal eye position. However, when one looks at a near object on the left, the image in the left eye is larger than the one in the right eye, and when one looks to the right, the opposite occurs. Thus, relative image size could also trigger switches in eye dominance. We used a cue-conflict paradigm to determine whether eye position or relative image size is the determinant of eye-dominance switches with changes in gaze angle. When eye position and relative image size were varied independently, there was no consistent effect of eye position. Relative image size appears to be the sole determinant of the switch.

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