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Can J Microbiol. 1992 Sep;38(9):891-7.

Purification, properties, and partial amino acid sequence of chitinase from a marine Alteromonas sp. strain O-7.

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Osaka University of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Japan.


Chitinase (EC was isolated from the culture supernatant of a marine bacterium, Alteromonas sp. strain O-7. The enzyme (Chi-A) was purified by anion-exchange chromatography (DEAE-Toyopearl 650 M) and gel filtration (Sephadex G-100). The purified enzyme showed a single band on sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The molecular size and pI of Chi-A were 70 kDa and 3.9, respectively. The optimum pH and temperature of Chi-A were 8.0 and 50 degrees C, respectively. Chi-A was stable in the range of pH 5-10 up to 40 degrees C. Among the main cations, such as Na+, K+, Mg2+, and Ca2+, contained in seawater, Mg2+ stimulated Chi-A activity. N-Bromosuccinimide and 2-hydroxy-5-nitrobenzyl bromide inhibited Chi-A activity. The amino-terminal 27 amino acid residues of Chi-A were sequenced. This enzyme showed sequence homology with chitinases from terrestrial bacteria such as Serratia marcescens QMB1466 and Bacillus circulans WL-12.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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