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J Agric Food Chem. 2003 Dec 3;51(25):7418-25.

Fenton-dependent damage to carbohydrates: free radical scavenging activity of some simple sugars.

Author information

1
Istituto di Scienze e Tecnologie Molecolari, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, CNR, via C. Golgi 19, 20133 Milano, Italy.

Abstract

The antioxidant properties of simple carbohydrates were studied in a chemical system. Hydroxyl radicals generated by a Fenton reaction induce damage on simple carbohydrates with a consequent free radical scavenging activity. Carbohydrate activities were measured by different methods as spin-trapping of hydroxyl radical and electron paramagnetic resonance detection and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl quenching. Carbohydrate damage was evaluated in a Fenton system by measuring the reactive substances to thiobarbituric acid, by their decreased detection with an HPLC test, and by a gas chromatographic determination of formic acid from sugar oxidation. Different intensities of damage and scavenging were found according to molecular structure, and some hyphotheses on the carbohydrate action against free radicals were attempted. The assayed disaccharides were shown to be more active toward and less damaged by hydroxyl radical than monosaccharides.

PMID:
14640593
DOI:
10.1021/jf030172q
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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