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Eur J Cancer Prev. 1992 Feb;1(2):153-8.

Epidemiological aspects of cancer of the penis in Finland.

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Helsinki University Central Hospital, Department of Radiotherapy and Oncology, Finland.


The purpose of this study was to characterize the epidemiological features of cancer of the penis in Finland. After histological re-examination and exclusions, the final series comprised 269 patients with cancer of the penis diagnosed and reported to the Finnish Cancer Registry between 1955 and 1977. The age-adjusted incidence rate of cancer of the penis decreased slightly from the 1960s onwards and was on the order of 0.5 per 100,000 person-years in the 1970s. Cancer of the penis was a disease of elderly males, which showed no systematic geographical variation in Finland in terms of risk. The most frequent predisposing factors were phimosis, in 44% of the cases, and condylomatous lesions, in 20% of the cases. The general survival (all patients, all stages) was favourable; the 5-, 10-, and 20-year relative survival rates were 71, 69 and 78%, respectively.

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