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Int J Dermatol. 2003 Nov;42(11):887-92.

Prevalence of skin diseases in rural areas of Assiut Governorate, Upper Egypt.

Author information

1
Departments of Dermatology and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt. hafezk2002@yahoo.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Few epidemiological surveys have been carried out to determine the prevalence of skin diseases in the population of Egypt, particularly "Upper Egypt". So it is a pressing necessity to conduct such a study in rural Assiut.

OBJECTIVES:

To determine the prevalence of various skin diseases in rural Assiut.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

A cross-sectional community-based survey was followed. The survey included 8008 rural inhabitants of all ages and both sexes from a representative of three villages of Assiut Governorate, Upper Egypt. The data were collected through personal interview and examination at homes from December 1994 to December 1996.

RESULTS:

They showed that 6961 (86.93%) of the studied population had one or more skin diseases. The group with parasitic skin infestations had the highest prevalence rate (27.40%) of the total sample, of which pediculosis capitis (19.37%) was the commonest. Eczema/dermatitis group had a rate of 19.82%, with pityriasis alba forming the majority (13.49%). Pigmentary disorders were 17.68%, followed by fungal skin infections (16.17%), then naevoid disorders (16.10%), hair and scalp disorders (12.07%), bacterial skin infections (10.10%), sweat gland disorders (6.16%), acne vulgaris (5.37%). Leprosy constituted 1.6/10,000. Other various skin disorders were recorded.

CONCLUSIONS:

Infective-parasitic diseases were a major problem particularly among the younger age-group and those of low socio-economic status.

PMID:
14636205
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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