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Oncogene. 2003 Nov 24;22(53):8634-44.

The death effector domain protein family.

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The Ben May Institute for Cancer Research, University of Chicago, 924 E 57th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA.


Apoptosis signaling is regulated and executed by specialized proteins that often carry protein/protein interaction domains. One of these domains is the death effector domain (DED) that is predominantly found in components of the death-inducing signaling complex, which forms at the members of the death receptor family following their ligation. Both proapoptotic- and antiapoptotic-DED-containing proteins have been identified, which makes these proteins exquisitely suited to the regulation of apoptosis. Aside from their pivotal role in the control of the apoptotic program, DED-containing proteins have recently been demonstrated to exert their influence on other cellular processes as well, including cell proliferation. These data highlight the multiple roles for the members of this family, suggesting that they are suited to control both life and death decisions of cells. Additionally, because they can act proapoptotically, antiapoptotically, or in the regulation of the cell cycle, this family of proteins may be excellent candidates for cancer therapy targets. Oncogene (2003) 22, 8634-8644. doi:10.1038/sj.onc.1207103.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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