Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2003 Nov;189(5):1413-7.

Polymorphism in intron 2 of the fetal interleukin-1 receptor antagonist genotype influences midtrimester amniotic fluid concentrations of interleukin-1beta and interleukin-1 receptor antagonist and pregnancy outcome.

Author information

1
Division of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, 525 E. 68th Street, Box 35, New York, NY 10021, USA. switkin@med.cornell.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Preterm labor in experimental models is initiated by intra-amniotic interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and inhibited by interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra). The IL-1ra gene is polymorphic and the different alleles are associated with variations in IL-1beta and IL-1ra production. The relationship among the IL-1ra genotype of the fetus, concentrations of IL-1beta and IL-1ra in second-trimester amniotic fluid, and pregnancy outcome was determined.

STUDY DESIGN:

Amniotic fluids from 291 consecutive women with singleton pregnancies, obtained at 15 to 17 weeks' gestation, were tested for IL-1beta and IL-1ra concentrations by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. DNA from fetal cells was analyzed for a length polymorphism in intron 2 of the IL-1ra gene by polymerase chain reaction. Pregnancy outcomes were obtained after completion of testing.

RESULTS:

The distribution of fetal IL-1ra genotypes was similar to that found in other populations: 50.9% (148) were homozygous for allele 1 (IL1RN*1), 39.5% (115) were IL1RN*1/allele 2 (IL1RN*2) heterozygotes, 6.9% (20) were IL1RN*2 homozygotes, whereas 2.7% (8) had combinations of other alleles. Fetal possession of IL1RN*2 was associated with a greater than 50% increase in midtrimester intra-amniotic IL-1beta levels (P=.006) and a smaller increase in IL-1ra levels (P=.01) compared with fetuses who were IL1RN*1 homozygotes. Despite the low sample size, IL1RN*2 homozygosity, but not midtrimester intraamniotic levels of IL-1beta and IL-1ra, was related to an increased rate of preterm birth (P<.0001). In the 11 pregnancies that were subsequently terminated because of major malformations, there was a decreased frequency of IL1RN*1 homozygosity (P=.04). Birth weight was unrelated to IL-1ra genotype.

CONCLUSION:

Possession by the fetus of the IL1RN*2 allele is associated with enhanced intraamniotic IL-1beta production. Induction of an intra-amniotic proinflammatory immune response might be more likely to lead to preterm labor in fetuses carrying the IL1RN*2 allele.

PMID:
14634579
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center