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J Biol Chem. 2004 Feb 27;279(9):8325-32. Epub 2003 Nov 21.

The structure of echovirus type 12 bound to a two-domain fragment of its cellular attachment protein decay-accelerating factor (CD 55).

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Medical Research Council Virology Unit, Church Street, Glasgow, G11 5JR, United Kingdom.


Echovirus type 12 (EV12), an Enterovirus of the Picornaviridae family, uses the complement regulator decay-accelerating factor (DAF, CD55) as a cellular receptor. We have calculated a three-dimensional reconstruction of EV12 bound to a fragment of DAF consisting of short consensus repeat domains 3 and 4 from cryo-negative stain electron microscopy data (EMD code 1057). This shows that, as for an earlier reconstruction of the related echovirus type 7 bound to DAF, attachment is not within the viral canyon but occurs close to the 2-fold symmetry axes. Despite this general similarity our reconstruction reveals a receptor interaction that is quite different from that observed for EV7. Fitting of the crystallographic co-ordinates for DAF(34) and EV11 into the reconstruction shows a close agreement between the crystal structure of the receptor fragment and the density for the virus-bound receptor, allowing unambiguous positioning of the receptor with respect to the virion (PDB code 1UPN). Our finding that the mode of virus-receptor interaction in EV12 is distinct from that seen for EV7 raises interesting questions regarding the evolution and biological significance of the DAF binding phenotype in these viruses.

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