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Am J Pathol. 2003 Dec;163(6):2201-9.

Reconstructed beta-catenin/TCF4 signaling in yeast applicable to functional evaluation of APC mutations.

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Department of Surgical Oncology, Division of Cancer Medicine, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan.


In human genetics and molecular oncology, mutation research is necessary not only to identify mutations in nucleic acid sequences, but also to analyze the loss of function caused by mutant proteins. We reconstructed a protein-protein network system of human beta-catenin and TCF4, in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. beta-Catenin and TCF4 proteins form a complex and transactivate reporter genes. Co-expressed wild-type APC with beta-catenin and TCF4 inhibit the transcriptional activity of the beta-catenin/TCF4 complex in yeast, as well as in mammals. This unique method in which the beta-catenin/TCF4 signaling pathway is reconstructed in vivo may prove useful for the functional evaluation of APC mutants, including a type of APC truncated and missense mutants influenced to the ability of binding to beta-catenin.

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