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J Appl Microbiol. 2003;95(5):1058-69.

Production of antibacterial substances by bifidobacterial isolates from infant stool active against Listeria monocytogenes.

Author information

1
Dairy Research Center STELA, Pavillon Paul Comtois, Université Laval, Québec, Canada.

Abstract

AIMS:

This study aimed to characterize new isolates of human bifidobacteria, evaluate some of their probiotic potential and to screen these isolates for their effectiveness at inhibiting Listeria monocytogenes in vitro.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Thirty-four Bifidobacterium isolates from infant faeces were identified by fructose-6-phosphate phosphoketolase and PCR. Six isolates, coded RBL67, RBL68, RBL69, RBL70, RBL85 and RBL86, showed higher antagonistic activity against L. monocytogenes. Neutralized culture supernatants of these strains did not inhibit L. monocytogenes when tested by agar diffusion method. However, the concentration of supernatant by speed-vac resulted in the formation of an inhibitory effect with supernatants from strains RBL67, RBL68 and RBL70. This effect was shown to be related to heat-stable proteinaceous compound(s) which were resistant to heating at 100 degrees C for 5 min but not to pronase-E, proteinase-K or trypsin. The extraction of the inhibitory compounds by methanol-acetone extraction procedure indicated that four strains (RBL67, RBL68, RBL69 and RBL70) were mostly soluble in acetone. However, strain RBL85 produced inhibitory substances that were soluble in methanol.

CONCLUSION:

Infant bifidobacterial isolates produce heat-stable proteinaceous compounds active against L. monocytogenes.

SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY:

Production of antibacterial substances by bifidobacteria would improve intestinal bacterial ecology and inhibit intestinal pathogens.

PMID:
14633035
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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