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Anal Chem. 2003 Sep 1;75(17):4599-605.

Trace moisture detection using continuous-wave cavity ring-down spectroscopy.

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Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, USA.


We have developed an instrument to measure trace concentrations of small hydride species in gases using continuous-wave cavity ring-down spectroscopy with near-infrared diode laser excitation. An rms baseline equivalent absorbance of 9.2 x 10(-11) cm(-1)/square root(n) is found, where n is the number of ring-down transients. When the 1396.376-nm absorption line of water is used, this corresponds to a noise equivalent moisture concentration in nitrogen gas of 68 pptv/square root(n). Water vapor concentration is detected over a range extending from 3 to 1000 ppbv and found to depend linearly on the concentration as determined by a calibrated commercial moisture sensor.

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