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Blood. 2004 Mar 15;103(6):2162-9. Epub 2003 Nov 20.

CpG-A and CpG-B oligonucleotides differentially enhance human peptide-specific primary and memory CD8+ T-cell responses in vitro.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Munich, Germany.


Two distinct types of CpG oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) have been identified that differ in their capacity to stimulate antigen-presenting cells: CpG-A induces high amounts of interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) and IFN-beta in plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDCs), whereas CpG-B induces PDC maturation and is a potent activator of B cells but stimulates only small amounts of IFN-alpha and IFN-beta. Here we examined the ability of these CpG ODNs to enhance peptide-specific CD8+ T-cell responses in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). The frequency of influenza matrix-specific "memory" CD8+ T cells was increased by both types of CpG ODN, whereas the frequency of Melan-A specific "naive" CD8+ T cells increased on stimulation with CpG-B but not with CpG-A. The presence of PDCs in PBMCs was required for this CpG ODN-mediated effect. The expanded cells were cytotoxic and produced IFN- on peptide restimulation. Soluble factors induced by CpG-A but not CpG-B increased the granzyme-B content and cytotoxicity of established CD8+ T-cell clones, each of which was IFN-alpha/-beta dependent. In conclusion, CpG-B seems to be superior for priming CD8+ T-cell responses, and CpG-A selectively enhances memory CD8+ T-cell responses and induces cytotoxicity. These results demonstrate distinct functional properties of CpG-A and CpG-B with regard to CD8 T cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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