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Blood. 2004 Mar 15;103(6):2162-9. Epub 2003 Nov 20.

CpG-A and CpG-B oligonucleotides differentially enhance human peptide-specific primary and memory CD8+ T-cell responses in vitro.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Munich, Germany.

Abstract

Two distinct types of CpG oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) have been identified that differ in their capacity to stimulate antigen-presenting cells: CpG-A induces high amounts of interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) and IFN-beta in plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDCs), whereas CpG-B induces PDC maturation and is a potent activator of B cells but stimulates only small amounts of IFN-alpha and IFN-beta. Here we examined the ability of these CpG ODNs to enhance peptide-specific CD8+ T-cell responses in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). The frequency of influenza matrix-specific "memory" CD8+ T cells was increased by both types of CpG ODN, whereas the frequency of Melan-A specific "naive" CD8+ T cells increased on stimulation with CpG-B but not with CpG-A. The presence of PDCs in PBMCs was required for this CpG ODN-mediated effect. The expanded cells were cytotoxic and produced IFN- on peptide restimulation. Soluble factors induced by CpG-A but not CpG-B increased the granzyme-B content and cytotoxicity of established CD8+ T-cell clones, each of which was IFN-alpha/-beta dependent. In conclusion, CpG-B seems to be superior for priming CD8+ T-cell responses, and CpG-A selectively enhances memory CD8+ T-cell responses and induces cytotoxicity. These results demonstrate distinct functional properties of CpG-A and CpG-B with regard to CD8 T cells.

PMID:
14630815
DOI:
10.1182/blood-2003-04-1091
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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