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Leuk Res. 2004 Jan;28(1):91-5.

IL-18 increases invasiveness of HL-60 myeloid leukemia cells: up-regulation of matrix metalloproteinases-9 (MMP-9) expression.

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National Laboratory of Experimental Hematology, Institute of Hematology and Blood Disease hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, 288 Nanjing Road, Tianjin, PR China.


Similar to matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-9/-2), IL-18 was overexpressed in some hematologic malignancies such as acute myeloid leukemia (AML), which is associated with a poor clinical outcome. To establish a possible functional relationship between IL-18 and MMPs in myeloid leukemia, we used semi-quantitative PCR and zymographic analysis to examine whether IL-18 stimulates human myeloid leukemia cell line HL-60 to produce MMPs and/or specific tissue inhibitors (TIMPs), and to degrade extracellular matrix (ECM) gel in vitro. In the ECM invasion assay IL-18 significantly up-regulated transmigration of HL-60 cells, which in turn was inhibited by a synthetic MMP inhibitor: O-phenanthroline (o-PE), anti-MMP-9, anti-MMP-2 as well as anti-IL-18 monoclonal antibody (McAb), respectively, suggesting that induction of gelatinases by IL-18 leads to ECM degradation by these cells. Moreover, IL-18 could significantly increase MMP-9 but not MMP-2 production at both mRNA and/or protein level, slightly up-regulate TIMP-1 mRNA, and clearly induce TIMP-2 mRNA secretion. We postulate that IL-18 may in part play a role in the clinical aggressiveness of human myeloid leukemia by stimulating MMP-9 production.

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