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Curr Microbiol. 2003 Oct;47(4):278-85.

PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis and two feces antigen tests for detection of Helicobacter pylori in mice.

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Department of Medical Microbiology, Dermatology and Infection, Lund University, Sölvegatan 23, SE-22362 Lund, Sweden.


PCR-denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE), a method suitable for the detection of microbial species in complex ecosystems, was evaluated for the detection and identification of Helicobacter spp. in feces and stomach tissue of mice. Two commercially available stool antigen tests for clinical diagnostics in humans were also evaluated in the C57Bl/6 mouse model of H. pylori infection. PCR-DGGE detected only Helicobacter ganmani in feces from H. pylori-infected as well as control animals, whereas in stomach specimens it demonstrated the presence of H. pylori in challenged and H. ganmani in control animals. Hence, the method detected DNA only of the predominant Helicobacter spp., which was also shown in cell dilution experiments. The Amplified IDEIA Hp StAR feces antigen test detected H. pylori in feces from all infected animals and generated no false-positive results, whereas the Premier Platinum HpSA-test also detected H. pylori in all infected animals but generated false-positive or equivocal results in 50% of the control animals. Premier Platinum HpSA, as opposed to Hp StAR, cross-reacted with non-pylori Helicobacter spp. in vitro.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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