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Aging Male. 2003 Sep;6(3):157-65.

Self-referred patients in an aging male clinic: much more than androgen deficiency alone.

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Department of Endocrinology, University Hospital Ghent, De Pintelaan 185, 9000 Gent, Belgium.


Following an information campaign through the media on the subject of 'andropause', 81 consecutive self-referred patients were evaluated. At presentation these patients had complaints possibly related to partial androgen deficiency in the aging male. Hormonal parameters were measured and specific aging male questionnaires, such as Androgen Deficiency in Aging Male (ADAM) and Aging Males' Symptoms (AMS) scale questionnaires were completed. The median age was 59 (range 53-66) and mean body mass index (BMI) was 26.4 +/- 3.3 kg/m2. Mean testosterone was 479.8 +/- 149.0 ng/dl and mean free testosterone was 10.0 +/- 3.0 ng/dl. Only 7.1% of all patients were diagnosed with 'idiopathic' ADAM. The majority of patients presented with erectile dysfunction. A wide variety of conditions were diagnosed, including hemochromatosis, micro- and macroprolactinoma, hypothyroidism, benign prostate hypertrophism and prostate carcinoma. The scores of AMS psychological, somatovegetative and sexual subscales were 12, 16 and 13, according to AMS classification corresponding to severe, moderate and severe complaints, respectively. There was no correlation between AMS (total and subscales) and testosterone levels. A positive correlation between the somatovegetative subscale of the AMS and both BMI and insulin was found. In conclusion, we observed that in a group of self-referred men andropause is not a frequent diagnosis, and other pathology needs to be addressed requiring a multi-disciplinary approach.

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