Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Transplantation. 2003 Nov 15;76(9):1375-9.

CD154 on the surface of CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells contributes to skin transplant tolerance.

Author information

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Dartmouth Medical School, Lebanon, New Hampshire 03756, USA.



It is known that the infusion of whole blood from donors (donor-specific transfusion) into recipients combined with anti-CD154 therapy can prolong allograft survival. It has generally been agreed that the effectiveness of anti-CD154 therapy is caused by the inactivation of alloreactive CD4+ and CD8+ effector T cells. The recent literature has implicated CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells in the suppression of autoimmunity and graft rejection, and we therefore examined whether CD154 blockade is effective because of its blockade of inflammatory T-cell activation or because of a direct impact on the regulatory T cells.


RAG(-/-) mice were adoptively transfused with CD4+ T cells or a subset of the population (CD4+CD25+ or CD4+CD25- T cells) alone or in combination with donor-specific transfusion and anti-CD154 and given an allo-skin transplant. The longevity of the transplant was determined over time. CD154(-/-)CD4+ T cells were used to assess the importance of CD154 in graft rejection and acceptance.


CD154 blockade (or loss of CD154) on CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells enhanced their immunosuppressive activities and was a contributing factor to anti-CD154-induced immune suppression in vivo. In a model of allograft tolerance, suppression was elicited by antigen and anti-CD154 or antigen alone if the CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells were deficient in CD154 expression.


Neutralizing the function of CD154 on regulatory T cells upon antigen exposure induces heightened levels of suppressive activities and is likely a contributing factor to the long-lived therapeutic effects of anti-CD154 treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Loading ...
    Support Center