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Cancer Immunol Immunother. 2003 Sep;52(9):561-8.

Streptococcal preparation OK-432: a new maturation factor of monocyte-derived dendritic cells for clinical use.

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Department of Cancer Therapy and Research, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1, Maidashi, Higashi-ku, 812-8582 Fukuoka, Japan.


For vaccinations based on dendritic cells (DCs), maturation of DCs is critical to the induction of T-cell responses. We tested the efficacy of streptococcal preparation OK-432 as a Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP)-grade maturation agent. OK-432 is currently used in Japan as a cancer immunotherapy drug. Immature monocyte-derived dendritic cells (imMo-DCs) isolated from human peripheral blood monocytes stimulated with granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor and interleukin-4 were exposed to maturation factors, i.e., lipopolysaccharide (LPS), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) plus prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), and OK-432 for 2 days. OK-432 increased expression of activation- and maturation-related molecules such as HLA-DR, CD80, CD83, and CD86 in imMo-DCs at levels similar to that of TNF-alpha plus PGE2, and higher than that of LPS. All agents examined induced allogeneic T-cell proliferation at a similar level. Only OK-432 caused significant production of interleukin-12 (IL-12) p70 and interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) at both the mRNA and protein levels in imMo-DCs. Neutralizing antibody against IL-12 p70 blocked IFN-gamma secretion from OK-432-stimulated Mo-DCs. IL-12 p70 produced by OK-432-stimulated imMo-DCs induced secretion of IFN-gamma by CD4+ T cells. OK-432 and LPS activated nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) in imMo-DCs. Both secretion of IL-12 p70 and IFN-gamma and activation of NF-kappaB induced by OK-432 were suppressed when imMo-DCs were pretreated with cytochalasin B. These results indicate that uptake of OK-432 by imMo-DCs is an early critical event for IL-12 p70 production and that NF-kappaB activation induced by OK-432 also contributes partially to IL-12 p70 production. In conclusion, OK-432 is a GMP-grade maturation agent and may be a potential tool for DC-based vaccine therapies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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