Send to

Choose Destination
Nat Med. 2003 Dec;9(12):1491-7. Epub 2003 Nov 16.

Muscle-specific Pparg deletion causes insulin resistance.

Author information

Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA.


Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) are insulin-sensitizing drugs and are potent agonists of the nuclear peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma). Although muscle is the major organ responsible for insulin-stimulated glucose disposal, PPAR-gamma is more highly expressed in adipose tissue than in muscle. To address this issue, we used the Cre-loxP system to knock out Pparg, the gene encoding PPAR-gamma, in mouse skeletal muscle. As early as 4 months of age, mice with targeted disruption of PPAR-gamma in muscle showed glucose intolerance and progressive insulin resistance. Using the hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp technique, the in vivo insulin-stimulated glucose disposal rate (IS-GDR) was reduced by approximately 80% and was unchanged by 3 weeks of TZD treatment. These effects reveal a crucial role for muscle PPAR-gamma in the maintenance of skeletal muscle insulin action, the etiology of insulin resistance and the action of TZDs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group
Loading ...
Support Center