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Urol Nurs. 2003 Oct;23(5):371-7.

What do I tell my patients about drinking water and the risk of bladder cancer?

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University of Michigan Medical Center-Department of Urology, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.


Occupational exposure to arylamines, schistosomiasis, and especially smoking are well-known potential causes of bladder cancer. However, numerous individuals who are diagnosed with this cancer apparently have no known etiology. Increased consumption of a variety of fluids, including water, may significantly reduce the risk of bladder cancer by reducing the overall impact time of potential carcinogens on bladder tissue. However, the quality of drinking water could also have an impact on risk. Health care professionals could play a large role in preventing bladder cancer by providing patients with new data on the impact of water quantity and quality on risk.

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