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Pharm Res. 2003 Oct;20(10):1607-11.

In vivo saturation of the transport of vinblastine and colchicine by P-glycoprotein at the rat blood-brain barrier.

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INSERM U26, Hôpital Fernand Widal, 200 Rue du Faubourg Saint-Denis, 75475 Paris Cedex 10, France.



To determine concentration-dependent P-gp-mediated efflux across the luminal membrane of endothelial cells at the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in rats.


The transport of radiolabeled colchicine and vinblastine across the rat BBB was measured with or without PSC833, a well known P-gp inhibitor, and within a wide range of colchicine and vinblastine concentration by an in situ brain perfusion. Thus, the difference of brain transport achieved with or without PSC833 gives the P-gp-mediated efflux component of the compound transported through the rat BBB. Cerebral vascular volume was determined by coperfusion with labeled sucrose in all experiments.


Sucrose perfusion indicated that the vascular space was close to normal in all the studies, indicating that the BBB remained intact. P-gp limited the uptake of both colchicine and vinblastine, but the compounds differ in that vinblastine inhibited its own transport. Vinblastine transport was well fitted by a Hill equation giving IC50 at approximately 71 microM, a Hill coefficient (n) approximately 2, and a maximal efflux velocity Jmax of approximately 9 pmol s(-1) g(-1) of brain.


P-gp at the rat BBB may carry out both capacity-limited and capacity-unlimited transport, depending on the substrate, with pharmacotoxicologic significance for drug brain disposition and risk of drug-drug interactions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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