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Pharm Res. 2003 Oct;20(10):1600-6.

Down-regulation of hepatic CYP3A in chronic renal insufficiency.

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Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, USA.



The objective of this study was to investigate the mechanisms underlying the decrease in hepatic clearance of some drugs metabolized by CYP450 enzymes in chronic renal insufficiency (CRI).


CRI was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 7) by the remnant kidney model (RKM); control animals (C) (n = 12) underwent sham surgery, of which n = 6 rats were pair-fed (CPF) with CRI rats and others (n = 6) had free access to food. Serum creatinine (Scr) and urea nitrogen (SUN) were monitored every 2 weeks. On day 36, livers were isolated, and microsomes were prepared. Catalytic activities were measured through O-demethylation (CYP2D) and N-demethylation of dextromethorphan (CYP3A) and O-deethylation of 7-ethoxyresorufin (CYP1A2). CYP450 protein and mRNA levels were also measured.


Compared with CPF, Scr and SUN levels in CRI rats were increased twofold (p < 0.01) and 2.5-fold (p < 0.01), respectively. No effect on CYP1A2 and CYP2D activities, mRNA, or protein levels was observed between the groups. There was a reduction (41.8 +/- 20%, p < 0.01) in CYP3A activity, mRNA (p < 0.05), and protein levels (p < 0.05) in CRI rats compared to CPF.


CRI induced by RKM does not have an effect on hepatic CYP1A2 and CYP2D enzymes but does reduce CYP3A activity, probably through down-regulation of CYP3A2.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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