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Trop Doct. 2003 Oct;33(4):234-6.

Prevalence and perception of nocturnal enuresis in children of a rural community in southwestern Nigeria.

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Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.


Nocturnal enuresis after the fifth year of life is a distressing problem. In Nigeria, there is a dearth of information about the condition. This cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the prevalence and perception of the condition among children in Igbo-Ora, a rural community in southwestern Nigeria. Four hundred parents/guardians were interviewed and information obtained on 644 children aged 6-12 years. Overall enuresis prevalence was 17.6% (19.9% among boys and 14.9% among girls). The reported causes of nocturnal enuresis included urinary tract infection (33.5%), excessive play (27.5%) and deep sleep (25%). A majority (74.5%) of the respondents would use herbs or traditional medicine to treat enuresis, while only 6.8% of the respondents sought orthodox healthcare facilities for its management. Only 18 (25%) of the 71 parents/guardians with enuretic children had ever consulted a health worker. The misconceptions and inappropriate enuresis management methods among the parents/guardians require health education intervention.

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