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N Z Med J. 2003 Nov 7;116(1185):U664.

Secondary prevention in coronary artery disease patients in South Auckland: moving targets and the current treatment gap.

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Cardiology Department, Middlemore Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand.



To assess secondary prevention parameters in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and correlate them with evolving treatment targets.


We audited baseline and current secondary prevention parameters in consecutive patients with established CAD who were identified retrospectively after an acute coronary syndrome (n = 48), recent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG, n = 50), or remote CABG (n = 49).


Statins were used by 71% of the whole group and 80% of those whose total cholesterol (TC) levels exceeded the contemporaneous PHARMAC cut-off point for statin funding. Thirty seven per cent failed to achieve the New Zealand Heart Foundation (NZHF) target TC of 3-5 mmol/l current at the time, and 55% exceeded the National Cholesterol Education Programme and 2002 NZHF Interim Consensus Statement target of low density lipoprotein (LDL) <2.6 mmol/l. Forty one per cent had a blood pressure (BP) of >140/90 mmHg, 12% were smokers and 7% not on aspirin. A minority of patients were on ACE inhibitors (34%) and beta blockers (45%). Only 30% were non-smokers, on aspirin and met TC and BP targets.


Risk-factor management is sub-optimal in a significant percentage of secondary prevention patients. Improved statin availability in New Zealand subsequent to this audit creates the opportunity to reduce the treatment gap.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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