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Stroke. 2003 Dec;34(12):2975-9. Epub 2003 Nov 13.

Involvement of thrombolysis in recombinant tissue plasminogen activator-induced cerebral hemorrhages and effect on infarct volume and postischemic endothelial function.

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1
Laboratoire de Pharmacologie, Faculté de Médecine, Lille, France. bordet@univ-lille2.fr

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

In a model of mechanical focal ischemia, we investigated the involvement of thrombolysis products (TLP) in recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA)-induced intracerebral complications and the effects on infarct volume and postischemic endothelial function.

METHODS:

Hemorrhage incidence and severity were evaluated by histomorphometric analysis in male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) subjected to 60-minute intraluminal middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion and receiving intravenously 5 hours later either saline, rtPA (3, 10, or 30 mg/kg), or rtPA (10 mg/kg) associated with TLP (rtPA+TLP). In addition, MCA reactivity was assessed in rtPA- or rtPA+TLP-treated SHR versus control Wistar-Kyoto rats or SHR.

RESULTS:

No hemorrhage was observed visually in SHR receiving saline. In contrast, rtPA administration induced hemorrhagic complications in infarcted areas in a dose-independent manner. Administration of rtPA+TLP solution, containing a high concentration of plasmin, did not affect hemorrhage incidence but significantly increased hemorrhage severity (8.8+/-2.3 petechiae versus 3.0+/-1.0 petechiae in rtPA group; P<0.001). This increased severity was associated with a significant increase of both infarct volume (182+/-10 versus 144+/-15 mm3 in rtPA group; P<0.01) and postischemic impairment of MCA endothelium-dependent relaxation (9+/-0.5% versus 13+/-1% in rtPA group; P<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Treatment with rtPA led to intracerebral hemorrhages, in contrast to saline-treated animals, and the presence of TLP increased the severity of these hemorrhages, in parallel with increased infarct volume and worsened endothelial function.

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