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Blood. 2004 Mar 1;103(5):1807-14. Epub 2003 Nov 13.

Antibody-targeted chemotherapy with CMC-544: a CD22-targeted immunoconjugate of calicheamicin for the treatment of B-lymphoid malignancies.

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Department of Oncology Discovery, Wyeth Research, Pearl River, NY 10965, USA.


Antibody-targeted chemotherapy with gemtuzumab ozogamicin (CMA-676, a CD33-targeted immunoconjugate of N-acetyl-gamma-calicheamicin dimethyl hydrazide [CalichDMH], a potent DNA-binding cytotoxic antitumor antibiotic) is a clinically validated therapeutic option for patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Here, we describe the preclinical profile of another immunoconjugate of CalichDMH, CMC-544, targeted to CD22 expressed by B-lymphoid malignancies. CMC-544 comprises a humanized IgG4 anti-CD22 monoclonal antibody (mAb), G5/44, covalently linked to CalichDMH via an acid-labile 4-(4'-acetylphenoxy) butanoic acid (AcBut) linker. Both CMC-544 and unconjugated G5/44 bound human CD22 with subnanomolar affinity. CMC-544, but not unconjugated G5/44, exerted potent cytotoxicity against CD22+ B-cell lymphoma (BCL) cell lines (inhibitory concentration of 50%: 6-600 pM CalichDMH). CMC-544 caused a potent inhibition of growth of small but established BCL xenografts leading to cures (therapeutic index > 10). CMC-544 prevented the establishment of BCL xenografts and also caused regression of large BCLs (> 1.5 g tumor mass). In contrast, unconjugated CalichDMH, unconjugated G5/44, and an isotype-matched control conjugate, CMA-676, were ineffective against these BCL xenografts. Thus, CD22-targeted delivery of CalichDMH is a potent and effective preclinical therapeutic strategy for BCLs. The strong antitumor profile of CMC-544 supports its clinical evaluation as a treatment option for B-lymphoid malignancies.

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